Here are interesting words and collocations to use in your answers for IELTS topics about Environment and Weather.


Environment and Weather vocab — List of words and collocations

anthropogenic impact (adj)
carbon footprint (n)
changeable (adj)
contamination (n)
deforestation (n)
disrupt (v)
drastic (adj)
drizzle (v)
environmental destabilization (n)
fertilizers (n)
fossil fuels
freezing cold (adj)
holistic approach (n)
landfill (n)
mild climate (n)
showery (adj)
sleet (n)
sub-zero temperatures
topsoil erosion (n)
toxic waste (n)
vigilant (adj)
wastewater (n)

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Environment and Weather vocab — Explanations & Examples

Idioms and collocations
anthropogenic impact (adj) — impact which is originating in human activity
Another worrying factor is the anthropogenic impact on air.

Idioms and collocations
carbon footprint (n) — the amount of carbon dioxide and other carbon compounds emitted
There will be significant planning issues but we are determined to reduce our carbon footprint.

changeable (adj) — weather that often changes
In spring the weather is quite changeable here.

contamination (n) — making impure by polluting or poisoning
Water contamination is one of the most serious ecological threats we face today.

deforestation (n) — clearing a wide area of trees
Eighty percent of Earth's land animals and plants live in forests, and deforestation threatens hundreds of species.

disrupt (v) — interrupt by causing a disturbance or problem, destroy
With the global worming the natural ecosystems are being disrupted.

drastic (adj) — extreme in effect or action; acting rapidly
The situation calls for drastic measures.

drizzle (v) — a light rain that falls in very small drops
It often drizzles in the morning.

Idioms and collocations
environmental destabilization (n) — destabilization of the environment
In the report it was highlighted that environmental destabilization has reached alarming levels.

fertilizers (n) — natural or synthetic materials to supply plant nutrients for the growth
The main problem caused by fertilizers use is pollution of water with nitrates which is considered to be dangerous for human health.

Idioms and collocations
fossil fuels — energy resources like gas and oil that are produced deep below the ground
In the next 5 years an additional tax will be placed on all fossil fuels including motor oil and natural gas.

Idioms and collocations
freezing cold (adj) — very cold (informal)
It's not freezing cold during this winter.

holistic approach (n) — thinking about the big picture / treat something as a complete system rather than split the task into parts and treat them separately
In such cases, a holistic approach that considers both environmental and economic impacts should be used.

landfill (n) — a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial
There are many health and environmental issues presented by landfill waste.

Idioms and collocations
mild climate (n) — climate without extreme weather conditions
European countries generally have a mild climate.

showery (adj) — short rains
It was showery and very windy but surprisingly there were lots of swimmers in the sea.

sleet (n) — a form of rain consisting of ice pellets, mixed rain and snow
Sleet and freezing rain are quite often in autumn here.

Idioms and collocations
sub-zero temperatures — temperatures below zero
Many devices can't function properly in sub-zero temperatures.

Idioms and collocations
topsoil erosion (n) — process of destruction of the top layer of soil
Organic growing methods also prevent topsoil erosion.

Idioms and collocations
toxic waste (n) — poisonous, unwanted rubbish (often produced by industrial processes)
There are still lots of factories that empty toxic waste into rivers and oceans.

vigilant (adj) — keeping careful watch for possible danger or difficulties
Parents must be vigilant at all times looking for their children near water.

wastewater (n) — water that has been affected by human use
Governments should introduce strict laws about the filtration of industrial wastewater.


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