Here are interesting words and collocations to use in your answers for IELTS topics about Environment and Weather.

 

Environment and Weather vocab — List of words and collocations

anthropogenic impact (adj)
carbon footprint (n)
changeable (adj)
contamination (n)
deforestation (n)
disrupt (v)
drastic (adj)
drizzle (v)
environmental destabilization (n)
fertilizers (n)
fossil fuels
freezing cold (adj)
holistic approach (n)
landfill (n)
mild climate (n)
showery (adj)
sleet (n)
sub-zero temperatures
topsoil erosion (n)
toxic waste (n)
vigilant (adj)
wastewater (n)



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Environment and Weather vocab — Explanations & Examples

Idioms and collocations
#470
anthropogenic impact (adj) — impact which is originating in human activity
Another worrying factor is the anthropogenic impact on air.

Environment
Idioms and collocations
#474
carbon footprint (n) — the amount of carbon dioxide and other carbon compounds emitted
There will be significant planning issues but we are determined to reduce our carbon footprint.

Environment
#459
changeable (adj) — weather that often changes
In spring the weather is quite changeable here.

Environment
#553
contamination (n) — making impure by polluting or poisoning
Water contamination is one of the most serious ecological threats we face today.

Environment
#464
deforestation (n) — clearing a wide area of trees
Eighty percent of Earth's land animals and plants live in forests, and deforestation threatens hundreds of species.

Environment
#475
disrupt (v) — interrupt by causing a disturbance or problem, destroy
With the global worming the natural ecosystems are being disrupted.

Environment
#571
drastic (adj) — extreme in effect or action; acting rapidly
The situation calls for drastic measures.

Environment
#461
drizzle (v) — a light rain that falls in very small drops
It often drizzles in the morning.

Environment
Idioms and collocations
#469
environmental destabilization (n) — destabilization of the environment
In the report it was highlighted that environmental destabilization has reached alarming levels.

Environment
#466
fertilizers (n) — natural or synthetic materials to supply plant nutrients for the growth
The main problem caused by fertilizers use is pollution of water with nitrates which is considered to be dangerous for human health.

Environment
Idioms and collocations
#462
fossil fuels — energy resources like gas and oil that are produced deep below the ground
In the next 5 years an additional tax will be placed on all fossil fuels including motor oil and natural gas.

Environment
Idioms and collocations
#460
freezing cold (adj) — very cold (informal)
It's not freezing cold during this winter.

Environment
#595
holistic approach (n) — thinking about the big picture / treat something as a complete system rather than split the task into parts and treat them separately
In such cases, a holistic approach that considers both environmental and economic impacts should be used.

Environment
#465
landfill (n) — a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial
There are many health and environmental issues presented by landfill waste.

Environment
Idioms and collocations
#458
mild climate (n) — climate without extreme weather conditions
European countries generally have a mild climate.

Environment
#395
showery (adj) — short rains
It was showery and very windy but surprisingly there were lots of swimmers in the sea.

Environment
#546
sleet (n) — a form of rain consisting of ice pellets, mixed rain and snow
Sleet and freezing rain are quite often in autumn here.

Environment
Idioms and collocations
#394
sub-zero temperatures — temperatures below zero
Many devices can't function properly in sub-zero temperatures.

Environment
Idioms and collocations
#468
topsoil erosion (n) — process of destruction of the top layer of soil
Organic growing methods also prevent topsoil erosion.

Environment
Idioms and collocations
#463
toxic waste (n) — poisonous, unwanted rubbish (often produced by industrial processes)
There are still lots of factories that empty toxic waste into rivers and oceans.

Environment
#548
vigilant (adj) — keeping careful watch for possible danger or difficulties
Parents must be vigilant at all times looking for their children near water.

Environment
#467
wastewater (n) — water that has been affected by human use
Governments should introduce strict laws about the filtration of industrial wastewater.

Environment